PubMed 24305807

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1

Title: Peripheral TGF-β1 signaling is a critical event in bone cancer-induced hyperalgesia in rodents.

Authors: Qian Xu, Xiao-Meng Zhang, Kai-Zheng Duan, Xi-Yao Gu, Mei Han, Ben-Long Liu, Zhi-Qi Zhao, Yu-Qiu Zhang

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci., 2013 Dec 4 , 33, 19099-111

PubMed link:

Pain is the most common symptom of bone cancer. TGF-β, a major bone-derived growth factor, is largely released by osteoclast bone resorption during the progression of bone cancer and contributes to proliferation, angiogenesis, immunosuppression, invasion, and metastasis. Here, we further show that TGF-β1 is critical for bone cancer-induced pain sensitization. We found that, after the progression of bone cancer, TGF-β1 was highly expressed in tumor-bearing bone, and the expression of its receptors, TGFβRI and TGFβRII, was significantly increased in the DRG in a rat model of bone cancer pain that is based on intratibia inoculation of Walker 256 mammary gland carcinoma cells. The blockade of TGF-β receptors by the TGFβRI antagonist SD-208 robustly suppressed bone cancer-induced thermal hyperalgesia on post-tumor day 14 (PTD 14). Peripheral injection of TGF-β1 directly induced thermal hyperalgesia in intact rats and wide-type mice, but not in Trpv1(-/-) mice. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from DRG neurons showed that transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV1) sensitivity was significantly enhanced on PTD 14. Extracellular application of TGF-β1 significantly potentiated TRPV1 currents and increased [Ca(2+)]i in DRG neurons. Pharmacological studies revealed that the TGF-β1 sensitization of TRPV1 and the induction of thermal hyperalgesia required the TGF-βR-mediated Smad-independent PKCε and TGF-β activating kinase 1-p38 pathways. These findings suggest that TGF-β1 signaling contributes to bone cancer pain via the upregulation and sensitization of TRPV1 in primary sensory neurons and that therapeutic targeting of TGF-β1 may ameliorate the bone cancer pain in advanced cancer.