PubMed 24556932

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1 , Kv11.1 , Kv8.2

Title: Up-regulation of Kir2.1 (KCNJ2) by the serum & glucocorticoid inducible SGK3.

Authors: Carlos Munoz, Tatsiana Pakladok, Ahmad Almilaji, Bernat Elvira, Niels Decher, Ekaterina Shumilina, Florian Lang

Journal, date & volume: Cell. Physiol. Biochem., 2014 , 33, 491-500

PubMed link:

The serum & glucocorticoid inducible kinase SGK3, an ubiquitously expressed serine/threonine kinase, regulates a variety of ion channels. It has previously been shown that SGK3 upregulates the outwardly rectifying K(+) channel KV11.1, which is expressed in cardiomyocytes. Cardiomyocytes further express the inward rectifier K(+) channel K(ir)2.1, which contributes to maintenance of resting cell membrane potential. Loss-of-function mutations of KCNJ2 encoding K(ir)2.1 result in Andersen-Tawil syndrome with periodic paralysis, cardiac arrhythmia and dysmorphic features. The present study explored whether SGK3 participates in the regulation of K(ir)2.1.cRNA encoding K(ir)2.1 was injected into Xenopus oocytes with and without additional injection of cRNA encoding wild type SGK3, constitutively active (S419D)SGK3 or inactive (K191N)SGK3. Kir2.1 activity was determined by two-electrode voltage-clamp and K(ir)2.1 protein abundance in the cell membrane by immunostaining and subsequent confocal imaging or by chemiluminescence.Injection of 10 ng cRNA encoding wild type SGK3 and (S419D)SGK3, but not (K191N)SGK3 significantly enhanced K(ir)2.1-mediated currents. SGK inhibitor EMD638683 (50 µM) abrogated (S419D)SGK3-induced up-regulation of K(ir)2.1. Moreover, wild type SGK3 enhanced the channel protein abundance in the cell membrane. The decay of K(ir)2.1-mediated currents following inhibition of channel insertion into the cell membrane by brefeldin A (5 µM) was similar in oocytes coexpressing K(ir)2.1 and SGK3 as in oocytes expressing K(ir)2.1 alone, suggesting that SGK3 influences channel insertion into rather than channel retrieval from the cell membrane.SGK3 is a novel regulator of K(ir)2.1.