PubMed 24573286

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM5

Title: Transduction for pheromones in the main olfactory epithelium is mediated by the Ca2+ -activated channel TRPM5.

Authors: Fabián López, Ricardo Delgado, Roberto Lopez, Juan Bacigalupo, Diego Restrepo

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci., 2014 Feb 26 , 34, 3268-78

PubMed link:

Growing evidence suggests that the main olfactory epithelium contains a subset of olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) responding to pheromones. One candidate subpopulation expresses the calcium activated cation channel TRPM5 (transient receptor potential channel M5). Using GFP driven by the TRPM5 promoter in mice, we show that this subpopulation responds to putative pheromones, urine, and major histocompatibility complex peptides, but not to regular odors or a pheromone detected by other species. In addition, this subpopulation of TRPM5-GFP+ OSNs uses novel transduction. In regular OSNs, odorants elicit activation of the cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channel, leading to Ca2+ gating of Cl- channels; in TRPM5-GFP+ OSNs, the Ca2+ -activated Cl- ANO2 (anoctamin 2) channel is not expressed, and pheromones elicit activation of the CNG channel leading to Ca2+ gating of TRPM5. In conclusion, we show that OSNs expressing TRPM5 respond to pheromones, but not to regular odors through the opening of CNG channels leading to Ca2+ gating of TRPM5.