Channelpedia

PubMed 24590965


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: HCN3 , HCN4



Title: Ivabradine protects against ventricular arrhythmias in acute myocardial infarction in the rat.

Authors: Urszula Mackiewicz, Joseph Y Gerges, Sandy Chu, Monika Duda, Halina Dobrzynski, Bohdan Lewartowski, Michał Mączewski

Journal, date & volume: J. Cell. Physiol., 2014 Jun , 229, 813-23

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24590965


Abstract
Ventricular arrhythmias are an important cause of mortality in the acute myocardial infarction (MI). To elucidate effect of ivabradine, pure heart rate (HR) reducing drug, on ventricular arrhythmias within 24 h after non-reperfused MI in the rat. ECG was recorded for 24 h after MI in untreated and ivabradine treated rats and episodes of ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF) were identified. Forty-five minutes and twenty-four hours after MI epicardial monophasic action potentials (MAPs) were recorded, cardiomyocyte Ca(2+) handling was assessed and expression and function of ion channels were studied. Ivabradine reduced average HR by 17%. Combined VT/VF incidence and arrhythmic mortality were higher in MI versus MI + Ivabradine rats. MI resulted in (1) increase of Ca(2+) sensitivity of ryanodine receptors 24 h after MI; (2) increase of HCN4 expression in the left ventricle (LV) and funny current (IF) in LV cardiomyocytes 24 h after MI, and (3) dispersion of MAP duration both 45 min and 24 h after MI. Ivabradine partially prevented all these three potential proarrhythmic effects of MI. Ivabradine is antiarrhythmic in the acute MI in the rat. Potential mechanisms include prevention of: diastolic Ca(2+)-leak from sarcoplasmic reticulum, upregulation of IF current in LV and dispersion of cardiac repolarization. Ivabradine could be an attractive antiarrhythmic agent in the setting of acute MI.