PubMed 24596098

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1

Title: T-type channels become highly permeable to sodium ions using an alternative extracellular turret region (S5-P) outside the selectivity filter.

Authors: Adriano Senatore, Wendy Guan, Adrienne N Boone, J David Spafford

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2014 Apr 25 , 289, 11952-69

PubMed link:

T-type (Cav3) channels are categorized as calcium channels, but invertebrate ones can be highly sodium-selective channels. We illustrate that the snail LCav3 T-type channel becomes highly sodium-permeable through exon splicing of an extracellular turret and descending helix in domain II of the four-domain Cav3 channel. Highly sodium-permeable T-type channels are generated without altering the invariant ring of charged residues in the selectivity filter that governs calcium selectivity in calcium channels. The highly sodium-permeant T-type channel expresses in the brain and is the only splice isoform expressed in the snail heart. This unique splicing of turret residues offers T-type channels a capacity to serve as a pacemaking sodium current in the primitive heart and brain in lieu of Nav1-type sodium channels and to substitute for voltage-gated sodium channels lacking in many invertebrates. T-type channels would also contribute substantially to sodium leak conductances at rest in invertebrates because of their large window currents.