PubMed 24744906

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Cav3.1 , Kir2.2 , Nav1.7 , SK4 , Slo1

Title: Overexpression of myocardin induces partial transdifferentiation of human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived mesenchymal stem cells into cardiomyocytes.

Authors: Jiao Zhang, Jenny Chung-Yee Ho, Yau-Chi Chan, Qizhou Lian, Chung-Wah Siu, Hung-Fat Tse

Journal, date & volume: Physiol Rep, 2014 Feb 1 , 2, e00237

PubMed link:

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from human-induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) show superior proliferative capacity and therapeutic potential than those derived from bone marrow (BM). Ectopic expression of myocardin further improved the therapeutic potential of BM-MSCs in a mouse model of myocardial infarction. The aim was of this study was to assess whether forced myocardin expression in iPSC-MSCs could further enhance their transdifferentiation to cardiomyocytes and improve their electrophysiological properties for cardiac regeneration. Myocardin was overexpressed in iPSC-MSCs using viral vectors (adenovirus or lentivirus). The expression of smooth muscle cell and cardiomyocyte markers, and ion channel genes was examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunofluorescence staining and patch clamp. The conduction velocity of the neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes cocultured with iPSC-MSC monolayer was measured by multielectrode arrays recording plate. Myocardin induced the expression of α-MHC, GATA4, α-actinin, cardiac MHC, MYH11, calponin, and SM α-actin, but not cTnT, β-MHC, and MLC2v in iPSC-MSCs. Overexpression of myocardin in iPSC-MSC enhanced the expression of SCN9A and CACNA1C, but reduced that of KCa3.1 and Kir2.2 in iPSC-MSCs. Moreover, BKCa, IKir, ICl, Ito and INa.TTX were detected in iPSC-MSC with myocardin overexpression; while only BKCa, IKir, ICl, IKDR, and IKCa were noted in iPSC-MSC transfected with green florescence protein. Furthermore, the conduction velocity of iPSC-MSC was significantly increased after myocardin overexpression. Overexpression of myocardin in iPSC-MSCs resulted in partial transdifferentiation into cardiomyocytes phenotype and improved the electrical conduction during integration with mature cardiomyocytes.