PubMed 24756701

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC1

Title: TRPC1.

Authors: Vasyl Nesin, Leonidas Tsiokas

Journal, date & volume: Handb Exp Pharmacol, 2014 , 222, 15-51

PubMed link:

The TRPC1 ion channel was the first mammalian TRP channel to be cloned. In humans, it is encoded by the TRPC1 gene located in chromosome 3. The protein is predicted to consist of six transmembrane segments with the N- and C-termini located in the cytoplasm. The extracellular loop connecting transmembrane segments 5 and 6 participates in the formation of the ionic pore region. Inside the cell, TRPC1 is present in the endoplasmic reticulum, plasma membrane, intracellular vesicles, and primary cilium, an antenna-like sensory organelle functioning as a signaling platform. In human and rodent tissues, it shows an almost ubiquitous expression. TRPC1 interacts with a diverse group of proteins including ion channel subunits, receptors, and cytosolic proteins to mediate its effect on Ca(2+) signaling. It primarily functions as a cation nonselective channel within pathways controlling Ca(2+) entry in response to cell surface receptor activation. Through these pathways, it affects basic cell functions, such as proliferation and survival, differentiation, secretion, and cell migration, as well as cell type-specific functions such as chemotropic turning of neuronal growth cones and myoblast fusion. The biological role of TRPC1 has been studied in genetically engineered mice where the Trpc1 gene has been experimentally ablated. Although these mice live to adulthood, they show defects in several organs and tissues, such as the cardiovascular, central nervous, skeletal and muscular, and immune systems. Genetic and functional studies have implicated TRPC1 in diabetic nephropathy, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, cancer, seizures, and Darier-White skin disease.