Channelpedia

PubMed 24756717


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM4 , TRPM5



Title: TRPM4.

Authors: Ilka Mathar, Griet Jacobs, Miklós Kecskés, Aurélie Menigoz, Koenraad Philippaert, Rudi Vennekens

Journal, date & volume: Handb Exp Pharmacol, 2014 , 222, 461-87

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24756717


Abstract
TRPM4 is a Ca(2+)-activated nonselective cation channel. The channel is activated by an increase of intracellular Ca(2+) and is regulated by several factors including temperature and Pi(4,5)P2. TRPM4 allows Na(+) entry into the cell upon activation, but is completely impermeable to Ca(2+). Unlike TRPM5, its closest relative in the transient receptor potential family, TRPM4 proteins are widely expressed in the body. Currents with properties that are reminiscent of TRPM4 have been described in a variety of tissues since the advent of the patch clamp technology, but their physiological role is only beginning to be clarified with the increasing characterization of knockout mouse models for TRPM4. Furthermore, mutations in the TRPM4 gene have been associated with cardiac conduction disorders in human patients. This review aims to overview the currently available data on the functional properties of TRPM4 and the current understanding of its physiological role in healthy and diseased tissue.