PubMed 24759099

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV4

Title: Functional Role for Piezo1 in Stretch-evoked Ca2+ Influx and ATP Release in Urothelial Cell Cultures.

Authors: Tatsuya Miyamoto, Tsutomu Mochizuki, Hiroshi Nakagomi, Satoru Kira, Masaki Watanabe, Yasunori Takayama, Yoshiro Suzuki, Schuichi Koizumi, Masayuki Takeda, Makoto Tominaga

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2014 Jun 6 , 289, 16565-16575

PubMed link:

The urothelium is a sensory structure that contributes to mechanosensation in the urinary bladder. Here, we provide evidence for a critical role for the Piezo1 channel, a newly identified mechanosensory molecule, in the mouse bladder urothelium. We performed a systematic analysis of the molecular and functional expression of Piezo1 channels in the urothelium. Immunofluorescence examination demonstrated abundant expression of Piezo1 in the mouse and human urothelium. Urothelial cells isolated from mice exhibited a Piezo1-dependent increase in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations in response to mechanical stretch stimuli, leading to potent ATP release; this response was suppressed in Piezo1-knockdown cells. In addition, Piezo1 and TRPV4 distinguished different intensities of mechanical stimulus. Moreover, GsMTx4, an inhibitor of stretch-activated channels, attenuated the Ca(2+) influx into urothelial cells and decreased ATP release from them upon stretch stimulation. These results suggest that Piezo1 senses extension of the bladder urothelium, leading to production of an ATP signal. Thus, inhibition of Piezo1 might provide a promising means of treating bladder dysfunction.