PubMed 24907402

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3

Title: Electrical properties of kisspeptin neurons and their regulation of GnRH neurons.

Authors: Richard Piet, Simon de Croft, Xinhuai Liu, Allan E Herbison

Journal, date & volume: Front Neuroendocrinol, 2014 Jun 5 , ,

PubMed link:

Kisspeptin neurons are critical components of the neuronal network controlling the activity of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons. A variety of genetically-manipulated mouse models have recently facilitated the study of the electrical activity of the two principal kisspeptin neuron populations located in the rostral periventricular area of the third ventricle (RP3V) and arcuate nucleus (ARN) in acute brain slices. We discuss here the mechanisms and pathways through which kisspeptin neurons regulate GnRH neuron activity. We then examine the different kisspeptin-green fluorescent protein mouse models being used for kisspeptin electrophysiology and the data obtained to date for RP3V and ARN kisspeptin neurons. In light of these new observations on the spontaneous firing rates, intrinsic membrane properties, and neurotransmitter regulation of kisspeptin neurons, we speculate on the physiological roles of the different kisspeptin populations.