PubMed 24939846

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.3

Title: Targeting the Ion Channel Kv1.3 with Scorpion Venom Peptides Engineered for Potency, Selectivity, and Half-life.

Authors: Wilson Edwards, Wai-Ping Fung-Leung, Chichi Huang, Ellen Chi, Nancy Wu, Yi Liu, Michael P Maher, Rachelle Bonesteel, Judith Connor, Ross Fellows, Elena Garcia, Jerry Lee, Lu Lu, Karen Ngo, Brian Scott, Hong Zhou, Ronald V Swanson, Alan D Wickenden

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2014 Jun 17 , ,

PubMed link:

Ion channels are an attractive class of drug targets, but progress in developing inhibitors for therapeutic use has been limited largely due to challenges in identifying subtype selective small molecules. Animal venoms provide an alternative source of ion channel modulators, and the venoms of several species, such as scorpions, spiders and snails, are known to be rich sources of ion channel modulating peptides. Importantly, these peptides often bind to hyper-variable extracellular loops, creating the potential for subtype selectivity rarely achieved with small molecules. We have engineered scorpion venom peptides and incorporated them in fusion proteins to generate highly potent and selective Kv1.3 inhibitors with long in vivo half-lives. Kv1.3 has been reported to play a role in human T cell activation, and therefore, these Kv1.3 inhibitor fusion proteins may have potential for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Our results support an emerging approach to generating subtype selective therapeutic ion channel inhibitors.