PubMed 24947510

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.4

Title: Exploring the Structure of the Voltage-Gated Na+ Channel by an Engineered Drug Access Pathway to the Receptor Site for Local Anesthetics.

Authors: Peter Lukacs, Vaibhavkumar S Gawali, René Cervenka, Song Ke, Xaver Koenig, Lena Rubi, Touran Zarrabi, Karlheinz Hilber, Anna Stary-Weinzinger, Hannes Todt

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2014 Jun 19 , ,

PubMed link:

Despite the availability of several crystal structures of bacterial voltage-gated Na(+) channels, the structure of eukaryotic Na(+) channels is still undefined. We used predictions from available homology models and crystal structures to modulate an external access pathway for the membrane-impermeant local anesthetic derivative QX-222 into the internal vestibule of the mammalian rNaV1.4 channel. Potassium channel-based homology models predict amino acid Ile-1575 in domain IV segment 6 to be in close proximity to Lys-1237 of the domain III pore-loop selectivity filter. The mutation K1237E has been shown previously to increase the diameter of the selectivity filter. We found that an access pathway for external QX-222 created by mutations of Ile-1575 was abolished by the additional mutation K1237E, supporting the notion of a close spatial relationship between sites 1237 and 1575. Crystal structures of bacterial voltage-gated Na(+) channels predict that the side chain of rNaV1.4 Trp-1531 of the domain IV pore-loop projects into the space between domain IV segment 6 and domain III pore-loop and, therefore, should obstruct the putative external access pathway. Indeed, mutations W1531A and W1531G allowed for exceptionally rapid access of QX-222. In addition, W1531G created a second non-selective ion-conducting pore, bypassing the outer vestibule but probably merging into the internal vestibule, allowing for control by the activation gate. These data suggest a strong structural similarity between bacterial and eukaryotic voltage-gated Na(+) channels.