PubMed 24953315

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC1

Title: TRPC1 is involved in Ca(2+) influx and cytotoxicity following Pb(2+) exposure in human embryonic kidney cells.

Authors: Hongmei Zhang, Wenjun Li, Yong Xue, Fei Zou

Journal, date & volume: Toxicol. Lett., 2014 Jun 3 , 229, 52-58

PubMed link:

Lead (Pb(2+)) is a divalent heavy metal ion which causes severe damage to almost all life forms and is therefore considered a notorious toxicant. Exposure to Pb(2+) is associated with poor cognitive development in children at relatively low levels that previously were thought to be safe. The mechanism through which Pb(2+) enters cells, however, is unclear. Previous studies have showed that Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) protein 1 (Orai1), a component of store-operated Ca(2+) channels (SOCs), contributes to Pb(2+) cellular entry. Canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC1) channel 1 is a transient receptor potential (TRP) channel which is sometimes referred to as a SOC. The present study was designed to investigate the role of TRPC1 in Pb(2+) entry and toxicity in human embryonic kidney cells (HEK293). Additionally, changes in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration were determined through Fluo-4 and Mag-fluo-4 fluorescent Ca(2+) imaging. Following Pb(2+) exposure, there was a dose-dependent decrease in cell viability. Overexpression of TRPC1 increased Pb(2+)-induced cell death, while knockdown of this channel attenuated cell death. There was increased entry of Pb(2+), as measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), following overexpression of TRPC1. Conversely, knockdown of TRPC1 led to a decrease in Pb(2+) influx. Down-regulation of STIM1 by RNA interference attenuated the Pb(2+) influx, and transfection with a mutant STIM1, which could not gate TRPC1, had a similar effect. Co-transfection of mutant STIM1 and mutant TRPC1, which restore the electrostatic interaction between STIM1 and TRPC1, resumed Pb(2+) entry in HEK293 cells. Down-regulation of TRPC1 by RNA interference decreased Ca(2+) influx whilst its overexpression increased Ca(2+) entry in HEK293 cells. These results suggest that TRPC1 is involved in the cytotoxicity and entry of Pb(2+) through molecular interactions with STIM1 and subsequent Ca(2+) influx in HEK293 cells.