PubMed 21826085

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.4 , Kv3.1

Title: DPP6 as a candidate gene for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia.

Authors: S Tanaka, A Syu, H Ishiguro, T Inada, Y Horiuchi, M Ishikawa, M Koga, E Noguchi, N Ozaki, T Someya, A Kakita, H Takahashi, H Nawa, T Arinami

Journal, date & volume: Pharmacogenomics J., 2013 Feb , 13, 27-34

PubMed link:

We implemented a two-step approach to detect potential predictor gene variants for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia (TD) in schizophrenic subjects. First, we screened associations by using a genome-wide (Illumina HumanHapCNV370) SNP array in 61 Japanese schizophrenia patients with treatment-resistant TD and 61 Japanese schizophrenia patients without TD. Next, we performed a replication analysis in 36 treatment-resistant TD and 138 non-TD subjects. An association of an SNP in the DPP6 (dipeptidyl peptidase-like protein-6) gene, rs6977820, the most promising association identified by the screen, was significant in the replication sample (allelic P=0.008 in the replication sample, allelic P=4.6 × 10(-6), odds ratio 2.32 in the combined sample). The SNP is located in intron-1 of the DPP6 gene and the risk allele was associated with decreased DPP6 gene expression in the human postmortem prefrontal cortex. Chronic administration of haloperidol increased Dpp6 expression in mouse brains. DPP6 is an auxiliary subunit of Kv4 and regulates the properties of Kv4, which regulates the activity of dopaminergic neurons. The findings of this study indicate that an altered response of Kv4/DPP6 to long-term neuroleptic administration is involved in neuroleptic-induced TD.