PubMed 23242029

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: cacna2d1

Title: Isolation and characterization of the 5´-upstream region of the human voltage-gated Ca(2+) channel α 2δ-1 auxiliary subunit gene: promoter analysis and regulation by transcription factor Sp1.

Authors: Elizabeth Martínez-Hernández, Ricardo González-Ramírez, Alejandro Sandoval, Bulmaro Cisneros, Rodolfo Delgado-Lezama, Ricardo Felix

Journal, date & volume: Pflugers Arch., 2013 Jun , 465, 819-28

PubMed link:

The α2δ proteins are auxiliary subunits of high-voltage-activated Ca(2+) channels associated with alterations of surface expression, kinetics, and voltage-dependent properties of the channel complex. Four mammalian genes and several splice α2δ subunit variants have been cloned and described, though very little information concerning the transcriptional mechanisms that regulate their expression is available. Here, we report the identification and characterization of the human α2δ-1 subunit gene promoter and its regulation by specific transcription factor 1 (Sp1). Transient transfection of human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells with a promoter/luciferase reporter construct revealed a ~1.5 kb 5´-UTR fragment of the CACNA2D1 gene that produced high levels of luciferase activity. Deletional analysis of this sequence showed that the minimal promoter was located within a 413-bp region (nt -326 to +98) with respect to the transcription start site. In this region, no canonical TATA box was present, but a high GC content and five potential Sp1 binding sites were found. The ability of two of these sites to interact with the transcription factor was confirmed by electrophoretic mobility shift assays. Likewise, Sp1 overexpression enhanced promoter activity while siRNA-mediated Sp1 silencing significantly decreased the level of α2δ protein expressed in the SH-SY5Y cells, as well as reduced the amplitude of whole-cell patch clamp Ca(2+) currents in dorsal root ganglion neurons. This study thus represents the first identification of the transcriptional control region in the gene encoding the Ca(2+) channel α2δ-1 auxiliary subunit.