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PubMed 23314871


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Automatically associated channels: ClvC4



Title: Silencing of periostin inhibits nicotine-mediated tumor cell growth and epithelial-mesenchymal transition in lung cancer cells.

Authors: Shu-Qiang Wu, Ya-Er Lv, Bai-Hua Lin, Li-Min Luo, Shi-Liang Lv, Ai-Hong Bi, Yong-Shi Jia

Journal, date & volume: Mol Med Rep, 2013 Mar , 7, 875-80

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23314871


Abstract
Nicotine has been found to induce the proliferation of lung cancer cells through tumor invasion and to confer resistance to apoptosis. Periostin is abnormally highly expressed in lung cancer and is correlated with angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis. Here, we investigated the roles of periostin in the lung cancer cell proliferation, drug resistance, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) induced by nicotine. The periostin gene was silenced using small interfering RNA (siRNA) in A549 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. The cells were transfected with control or periostin siRNA plasmids. Periostin mRNA was evaluated by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Cell proliferation was detected using the MTT assay and cell apoptosis was detected by Annexin V-FITC and propidium iodide (PI) double staining. Tumor invasion was detected by the Boyden chamber invasion assay. Western blotting was performed to detect the expression of the EMT marker Snail. Our results revealed that stably periostin-silenced cells were acquired by G418 screening, and the periostin mRNA expression levels of which were decreased by nearly 80%. Periostin-silenced A549 cells exhibited reduced cell proliferation, elevated sensitivity to chemotherapy with cisplatin, decreased cell invasion and Snail expression (P<0.05). Nicotine upregulated the periostin protein levels in the A549 cells and this upregulation was not blocked by the generalized nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) antagonist, hexamethonium. In conclusion, periostin is one of the targets regulated by nicotine in lung cancer cells and is involved in the cancer cell growth, drug resistance, invasion and EMT induced by nicotine.