PubMed 23384628

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPA , TRPA1 , TRPV , TRPV1

Title: Role of TRPA1 and TRPV1 in the ROS-dependent sensory irritation of superior laryngeal capsaicin-sensitive afferents by cigarette smoke in anesthetized rats.

Authors: Bi-Yu Liu, Tung-Lung Tsai, Ching-Yin Ho, Shing-Hwa Lu, Ching Jung Lai, Yu Ru Kou

Journal, date & volume: Pulm Pharmacol Ther, 2013 Jun , 26, 364-72

PubMed link:

Laryngeal exposure to cigarette smoke (CS) evokes sensory irritation, but the mechanisms are largely unclear. The TRPA1 and TRPV1 receptors are two types of Ca(2+)-permeant channels located at the terminals of airway capsaicin-sensitive afferents. We investigated the mechanisms underlying the airway reflex evoked by laryngeal CS exposure in anesthetized rats.CS (7 ml) was delivered into a functionally isolated larynx, while the animals (n = 201) breathed spontaneously. Respiratory parameters were measured. All use of pharmacological agents involved pretreatment by laryngeal application.Laryngeal CS exposure immediately evoked a concentration-dependant apneic response that was unrelated to the nicotine content of the CS. This inhibition of breathing was abolished by bilateral sectioning of the superior laryngeal nerves (SLNs) or by perineural capsaicin treatment of the SLNs (selective blocking of capsaicin-sensitive afferent neural conduction), suggesting the involvement of superior laryngeal capsaicin-sensitive afferents in the reflex. The reflex apnea was significantly attenuated by N-acetyl-l-cysteine (antioxidant), EGTA (extracellular Ca(2+) chelator) and BAPTA-AM (intracellular Ca(2+) chelator), indicating the importance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and Ca(2+). This reflex apnea was also partially reduced by HC030031 (TRPA1 receptor antagonist) and capsazepine (TRPV1 receptor antagonist), and was nearly abolished by a combination of these two antagonists, suggesting a central role for the TRPA1 and TRPV1 receptors. Furthermore, the reflex apnea was attenuated by indomethacin (cyclooxygenase inhibitor); however, the attenuation by indomethacin was not increased by pretreatment with HC030031 or capsazepine, indicating that TRPA1 and TRPV1 receptor functionality is, at least in part, linked to cyclooxygenase metabolites.The reflex apnea evoked by laryngeal CS requires activation of both TRPA1 and TRPV1 receptors, which are likely to be located at the terminals of superior laryngeal capsaicin-sensitive afferents. Laryngeal sensory irritation by CS seems to depend on the actions of ROS and cyclooxygenase metabolites on these two types of receptors.