PubMed 23623374

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1

Title: Redox-sensitive stimulation of type-1 ryanodine receptors by the scorpion toxin maurocalcine.

Authors: Michel Ronjat, José Pablo Finkelstein, Paola Llanos, Luis Montecinos, Hicham Bichraoui, Michel De Waard, Cecilia Hidalgo, Ricardo Bull

Journal, date & volume: Cell Calcium, 2013 May-Jun , 53, 357-65

PubMed link:

The scorpion toxin maurocalcine acts as a high affinity agonist of the type-1 ryanodine receptor expressed in skeletal muscle. Here, we investigated the effects of the reducing agent dithiothreitol or the oxidizing reagent thimerosal on type-1 ryanodine receptor stimulation by maurocalcine. Maurocalcine addition to sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles actively loaded with calcium elicited Ca²⁺ release from native vesicles and from vesicles pre-incubated with dithiothreitol; thimerosal addition to native vesicles after Ca²⁺ uptake completion prevented this response. Maurocalcine enhanced equilibrium [³H]-ryanodine binding to native and to dithiothreitol-treated reticulum vesicles, and increased 5-fold the apparent Ki for Mg²⁺ inhibition of [³H]-ryanodine binding to native vesicles. Single calcium release channels incorporated in planar lipid bilayers displayed a long-lived open sub-conductance state after maurocalcine addition. The fractional time spent in this sub-conductance state decreased when lowering cytoplasmic [Ca²⁺] from 10 μM to 0.1 μM or at cytoplasmic [Mg²⁺]≥30 μM. At 0.1 μM [Ca²⁺], only channels that displayed poor activation by Ca²⁺ were readily activated by 5 nM maurocalcine; subsequent incubation with thimerosal abolished the sub-conductance state induced by maurocalcine. We interpret these results as an indication that maurocalcine acts as a more effective type-1 ryanodine receptor channel agonist under reducing conditions.