PubMed 23707246

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1

Title: Anxiogenic-like effect induced by TRPV1 receptor activation within the dorsal periaqueductal gray matter in mice.

Authors: Diego Cardozo Mascarenhas, Karina Santos Gomes, Ricardo Luiz Nunes-de-Souza

Journal, date & volume: Behav. Brain Res., 2013 Aug 1 , 250, 308-15

PubMed link:

Pharmacological manipulation of TRPV1 (Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid type-1) receptors has been emerging as a novel target in the investigation of anxiety states. Here, we attempt to show the role played by the TRPV1 receptors within the dorsal periaqueductal gray matter (dPAG), a midbrain structure strongly involved in the modulation of anxiety. Anxiety was assessed by recording spatiotemporal [percent open arm entries (%OE) and percent open arm time (%OT)] and ethological [e.g., head dipping (HD), stretched-attend postures (SAP)] measures in mice exposed to the elevated plus-maze (EPM). Mice received an intra-dPAG injection of the TRPV1 agonist capsaicin (0, 0.01, 0.1 or 1.0nmol/0.2μL; Experiment 1) or antagonist capsazepine (0, 10, 30 or 60nmol/0.2μL; Experiment 2), or combined injections of capsazepine (30nmol) and capsaicin (1.0nmol) (Experiment 3), and were exposed to the EPM to record spatiotemporal and ethological measures. While capsaicin produced an anxiogenic-like effect (it reduced %OE and %OT and frequency of SAP and HD in the open arms), capsazepine did not change any behavior in the EPM. However, when injected before capsaicin (1.0nmol), intra-dPAG capsazepine (30nmol-a dose devoid of intrinsic effects) antagonized completely the anxiogenic-like effect of the TRPV1 agonist. These results suggest that the anxiogenic-like effect produced by capsaicin is primarily due to TRPV1 activation within the dPAG in mice, but that dPAG TRPV1 receptors do not exert a tonic control over defensive behavior in mice exposed to the EPM.