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PubMed 23872634


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Title: Common variants at SCN5A-SCN10A and HEY2 are associated with Brugada syndrome, a rare disease with high risk of sudden cardiac death.

Authors: Connie R Bezzina, Julien Barc, Yuka Mizusawa, Carol Ann Remme, Jean-Baptiste Gourraud, Floriane Simonet, Arie O Verkerk, Peter J Schwartz, Lia Crotti, Federica Dagradi, Pascale Guicheney, Véronique Fressart, Antoine Leenhardt, Charles Antzelevitch, Susan Bartkowiak, Martin Borggrefe, Rainer Schimpf, Eric Schulze-Bahr, Sven Zumhagen, Elijah R Behr, Rachel Bastiaenen, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen, Morten Salling Olesen, Stefan Kääb, Britt M Beckmann, Peter Weeke, Hiroshi Watanabe, Naoto Endo, Tohru Minamino, Minoru Horie, Seiko Ohno, Kanae Hasegawa, Naomasa Makita, Akihiko Nogami, Wataru Shimizu, Takeshi Aiba, Philippe Froguel, Beverley Balkau, Olivier Lantieri, Margherita Torchio, Cornelia Wiese, David Weber, Rianne Wolswinkel, Ruben Coronel, Bas J Boukens, Stéphane Bézieau, Eric Charpentier, Stéphanie Chatel, Aurore Despres, Françoise Gros, Florence Kyndt, Simon Lecointe, Pierre Lindenbaum, Vincent Portero, Jade Violleau, Manfred Gessler, Hanno L Tan, Dan M Roden, Vincent M Christoffels, Hervé Le Marec, Arthur A Wilde, Vincent Probst, Jean-Jacques Schott, Christian Dina, Richard Redon

Journal, date & volume: Nat. Genet., 2013 Sep , 45, 1044-9

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23872634


Abstract
Brugada syndrome is a rare cardiac arrhythmia disorder, causally related to SCN5A mutations in around 20% of cases. Through a genome-wide association study of 312 individuals with Brugada syndrome and 1,115 controls, we detected 2 significant association signals at the SCN10A locus (rs10428132) and near the HEY2 gene (rs9388451). Independent replication confirmed both signals (meta-analyses: rs10428132, P = 1.0 × 10(-68); rs9388451, P = 5.1 × 10(-17)) and identified one additional signal in SCN5A (at 3p21; rs11708996, P = 1.0 × 10(-14)). The cumulative effect of the three loci on disease susceptibility was unexpectedly large (Ptrend = 6.1 × 10(-81)). The association signals at SCN5A-SCN10A demonstrate that genetic polymorphisms modulating cardiac conduction can also influence susceptibility to cardiac arrhythmia. The implication of association with HEY2, supported by new evidence that Hey2 regulates cardiac electrical activity, shows that Brugada syndrome may originate from altered transcriptional programming during cardiac development. Altogether, our findings indicate that common genetic variation can have a strong impact on the predisposition to rare diseases.