Channelpedia

PubMed 23924992


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Cav1.3



Title: C-terminal alternative splicing of CaV1.3 channels distinctively modulates their dihydropyridine sensitivity.

Authors: Hua Huang, Dejie Yu, Tuck Wah Soong

Journal, date & volume: Mol. Pharmacol., 2013 Oct , 84, 643-53

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23924992


Abstract
The transcripts of L-type voltage-gated calcium channels (CaV) 1.3 undergo extensive alternative splicing. Alternative splicing, particularly in the C terminus, drastically modifies gating properties of the channel. However, little is known about whether alternative splicing could modulate the pharmacologic properties of CaV1.3 in a manner similar to the paralogous CaV1.2. Here we undertook the screening of different channel splice isoforms harboring splice variations in either the IS6 segment or the C terminus. Unexpectedly, while inclusion of exon 8a or 8, which code for IS6, did not alter dihydropyridine (DHP) sensitivity, distinct pharmacologic properties were observed for the various C-terminal splice isoforms. In the presence of external Ca(2+), fast inactivating splice variants including CaV1.342a and CaV1.343s with intact calmodulin-IQ domain interaction showed consistently low DHP sensitivity. Interestingly, attenuation of calcium-dependent inactivation with overexpression of calmodulin34 did not enhance the sensitivity of CaV1.342a, suggesting that the low DHP sensitivity may not be a result of fast channel inactivation. Alternatively, disruption of calmodulin-IQ domain binding in the CaV1.3Δ41 and full-length CaV1.342 channels was associated with heightened DHP sensitivity. In distinct contrast to the well-known modulation of DHP blockade of CaV1.2 channels, this study has therefore uncovered a novel mechanism for modulation of the pharmacologic properties of CaV1.3 channels through posttranscriptional modification of the C terminus.