Channelpedia

PubMed 23948776


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Cav3.1 , Cav3.2 , TRP , TRPC , TRPC3



Title: Enhanced contractility in pregnancy is associated with augmented TRPC3, L-type, and T-type voltage-dependent calcium channel function in rat uterine radial artery.

Authors: Sevvandi Senadheera, Paul P Bertrand, T Hilton Grayson, Leo Leader, Marianne Tare, Timothy V Murphy, Shaun L Sandow

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol., 2013 Oct 15 , 305, R917-26

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23948776


Abstract
In pregnancy, α-adrenoceptor-mediated vasoconstriction is augmented in uterine radial arteries and is accompanied by underlying changes in smooth muscle (SM) Ca(2+) activity. This study aims to determine the Ca(2+) entry channels associated with altered vasoconstriction in pregnancy, with the hypothesis that augmented vasoconstriction involves transient receptor potential canonical type-3 (TRPC3) and L- and T-type voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels. Immunohistochemistry showed TRPC3, L-type Cav1.2 (as the α1C subunit), T-type Cav3.1 (α1G), and Cav3.2 (α1H) localization to the uterine radial artery SM. Fluorescence intensity of TRPC3, Cav1.2, and Cav3.2 was increased, and Cav3.1 decreased in radial artery SM from pregnant rats. Western blot analysis confirmed increased TRPC3 protein expression in the radial artery from pregnant rats. Pressure myography incorporating pharmacological intervention to examine the role of these channels in uterine radial arteries showed an attenuation of phenylephrine (PE)-induced constriction with Pyr3 {1-[4-[(2,3,3-trichloro-1-oxo-2-propen-1-yl)amino]phenyl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid}-mediated TRPC3 inhibition or with nifedipine-mediated L-type channel block alone in vessels from pregnant rats; both effects of which were diminished in radial arteries from nonpregnant rats. Combined TRPC3 and L-type inhibition attenuated PE-induced constriction in radial arteries, and the residual vasoconstriction was reduced and abolished with T-type channel block with NNC 55-0396 in arteries from nonpregnant and pregnant rats, respectively. With SM Ca(2+) stores depleted and in the presence of PE, nifedipine, and NNC 55-0396, blockade of TRPC3 reversed PE-induced constriction. These data suggest that TRPC3 channels act synergistically with L- and T-type channels to modulate radial artery vasoconstriction, with the mechanism being augmented in pregnancy.