Channelpedia

PubMed 24082113


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.2 , Nav1.7



Title: Discovery of a selective NaV1.7 inhibitor from centipede venom with analgesic efficacy exceeding morphine in rodent pain models.

Authors: Shilong Yang, Yao Xiao, Di Kang, Jie Liu, Yuan Li, Eivind A B Undheim, Julie K Klint, Mingqiang Rong, Ren Lai, Glenn F King

Journal, date & volume: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2013 Oct 22 , 110, 17534-9

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24082113


Abstract
Loss-of-function mutations in the human voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.7 result in a congenital indifference to pain. Selective inhibitors of NaV1.7 are therefore likely to be powerful analgesics for treating a broad range of pain conditions. Herein we describe the identification of µ-SLPTX-Ssm6a, a unique 46-residue peptide from centipede venom that potently inhibits NaV1.7 with an IC50 of ∼25 nM. µ-SLPTX-Ssm6a has more than 150-fold selectivity for NaV1.7 over all other human NaV subtypes, with the exception of NaV1.2, for which the selectivity is 32-fold. µ-SLPTX-Ssm6a contains three disulfide bonds with a unique connectivity pattern, and it has no significant sequence homology with any previously characterized peptide or protein. µ-SLPTX-Ssm6a proved to be a more potent analgesic than morphine in a rodent model of chemical-induced pain, and it was equipotent with morphine in rodent models of thermal and acid-induced pain. This study establishes µ-SPTX-Ssm6a as a promising lead molecule for the development of novel analgesics targeting NaV1.7, which might be suitable for treating a wide range of human pain pathologies.