PubMed 24163367

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNK12 , KCNK13

Title: Silencing of the Tandem Pore Domain Halothane-inhibited K+ Channel 2 (THIK2) Relies on Combined Intracellular Retention and Low Intrinsic Activity at the Plasma Membrane.

Authors: Franck C Chatelain, Delphine Bichet, Sylvain Feliciangeli, Marie-Madeleine Larroque, Véronique M Braud, Dominique Douguet, Florian Lesage

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2013 Dec 6 , 288, 35081-92

PubMed link:

The tandem pore domain halothane-inhibited K(+) channel 1 (THIK1) produces background K(+) currents. Despite 62% amino acid identity with THIK1, THIK2 is not active upon heterologous expression. Here, we show that this apparent lack of activity is due to a unique combination of retention in the endoplasmic reticulum and low intrinsic channel activity at the plasma membrane. A THIK2 mutant containing a proline residue (THIK2-A155P) in its second inner helix (M2) produces K(+)-selective currents with properties similar to THIK1, including inhibition by halothane and insensitivity to extracellular pH variations. Another mutation in the M2 helix (I158D) further increases channel activity and affects current kinetics. We also show that the cytoplasmic amino-terminal region of THIK2 (Nt-THIK2) contains an arginine-rich motif (RRSRRR) that acts as a retention/retrieval signal. Mutation of this motif in THIK2 induces a relocation of the channel to the plasma membrane, resulting in measurable currents, even in the absence of mutations in the M2 helix. Cell surface delivery of a Nt-THIK2-CD161 chimera is increased by mutating the arginines of the retention motif but also by converting the serine embedded in this motif to aspartate, suggesting a phosphorylation-dependent regulation of THIK2 trafficking.