Channelpedia

PubMed 24198035


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.7 , TRP , TRPV , TRPV1



Title: Ion channels and osteoarthritic pain: potential for novel analgesics.

Authors: C A Staunton, R Lewis, R Barrett-Jolley

Journal, date & volume: Curr Pain Headache Rep, 2013 Dec , 17, 378

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24198035


Abstract
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a debilitating chronic condition widely prevalent in ageing populations. Because the pathology of the disease includes cartilage erosion and joint remodelling, OA patients experience a great deal of pain. Despite numerous studies, details of OA are frequently inseparable from other types of chronic pain, and its causes are unknown. In most circumstances in OA, the cartilage lacks afferent innervation, although other joint tissues contain nociceptive neurones. In addition to physical joint damage, there is a strong element of joint inflammation. Genetic studies have identified several associations between ion channels and OA pain, including NaV1.7, P2X7, and TRPV1, but several other channels have also been implicated. Many ion channels involved with OA pain are common to those seen in inflammatory pain. This review considers causes of OA pain and discusses three possible pain-reducing strategies involving ion channel modulation: chondroprotection, innate afferent nerve inhibition, and inhibition of inflammatory hyperalgesia. Future targets for OA pain analgesia could involve a number of ion channels.