Channelpedia

PubMed 24317018


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.5



Title: SCN5A mutation in Chinese patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia.

Authors: J Yu, J Hu, X Dai, Q Cao, Q Xiong, X Liu, Y Shen, Q Chen, W Hua, K Hong

Journal, date & volume: Herz, 2013 Dec 8 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24317018


Abstract
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is a genetically determined disorder, characterized by two components: cardiomyopathy and arrhythmia. To date, the ion channel-related pathogenesis underlying this phenomenon has been poorly understood. The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the sodium channel variants in Chinese patients with ARVD.Patients meeting the diagnostic guidelines of ARVD revised in 2010 were enrolled. All exons and exon-intron boundaries of the SCN5A gene and desmosomal genes known to be associated with ARVD, including DSC2, DSG2, DSP, JUP, and PKP2, were sequenced by direct DNA sequencing. A total of 12 unrelated index patients were included in the study.Eight of the patients developed ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF), one of them showed epsilon wave, one of them showed type-1 Brugada wave, seven of them exhibited syncope or dizziness, and none of the patients had a family history of SCD. A new missense heterozygote mutation, I137M, in SCN5A was found in proband 5 with recurrent palpitations and a high incidence of VT. I137M is in exon 4 of SCN5A, at the S1 segment in domain I of Nav1.5, which predicted a substitution of isoleucine for methionine at codon site 137 (p. Ile137Met, I137M). I137M was not detected in 400 healthy control chromosomes from individuals of the same ethnic background, which indicated that this mutation was a conservative site in the SCN5A gene, and the encoded protein Nav1.5 might have a functional defect resulting in arrhythmia.This was the first study to systematically investigate sodium channel variants in Chinese patients with ARVD; a new SCN5A mutation, I137M, was found. This finding may provide new evidence of the genetic pathogenesis of ARVD in Chinese patients, implying that the SCN5A gene should be screened in patients with ARVD and VT/VF.