Channelpedia

PubMed 24326070


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Kir2.1 , Kir2.2 , Kir2.3 , Kir2.4 , Kv1.4 , Kv1.7 , Kv3.1 , Kv3.4 , Kv4.2 , SK4



Title: Remodeling of ion channel expression may contribute to electrophysiological consequences caused by methamphetamine in vitro and in vivo.

Authors: Yi-Hong Qu, Ka-Pui Leung, Dong-Fang Qiao, Dong-Ri Li, Chao Liu, Xia Yue, Hui-Jun Wang

Journal, date & volume: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2014 Jan 10 , 443, 441-6

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24326070


Abstract
Methamphetamine (MA) is a psychostimulant. MA may induce numerous cardiotoxic effects, leading to cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure, eventually leading to sudden cardiac death. The deleterious effects of methamphetamine work in tandem to disrupt the coordinated electrical activity of the heart and have been associated with life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias. Remodeling of ion channels is an important mechanism of arrhythmia. Although arrhythmogenic remodeling involves alterations in ion channel expression, it is yet unknown whether MA induced electrical remodeling by affecting gene expression, and whether the changes in protein expression are paralleled by alterations in mRNA expression. Our study focused on the expression of ion channels which were correlated to the electrical remodeling caused by MA. We used RT-PCR and western blot to assess of the transcript and translate levels of ion channel subunits, including Ito: kv1.4, kv1.7, kv3.4, kv4.2; IK1: kir2.1, kir2.2, kir2.3, kir2.4; and ICa-l: Ca(2+)α1, Ca(2+)β, respectively. The reversible effect of these changes after MA withdrawal was also evaluated. MA caused decrease in mRNA and protein levels in all ion channel subunits in vitro and also in vivo, is at this work. The kv3.4 and all 4 subunits of Kir2.0 family showed significant decrease than the other genes. Most of the channel subunit expression started to reverse after MA withdrawal for 4 weeks and significantly reverse in all of the channel subunits after MA withdrawal for 8 weeks. We found that CACNA1C and Kir2.0 family showed lower recoverability than the others after MA withdrawal for 8 weeks. The reduction of the ion channel expression levels may be the molecular mechanism that mediates the electrical remodeling caused by methamphetamine.