Channelpedia

PubMed 24392001


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1 , SK4



Title: The K(+) Channel KCa3.1 as a Novel Target for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis.

Authors: Katy Morgan Roach, Stephen Mark Duffy, William Coward, Carol Feghali-Bostwick, Heike Wulff, Peter Bradding

Journal, date & volume: PLoS ONE, 2013 , 8, e85244

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24392001


Abstract
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a common, progressive and invariably lethal interstitial lung disease with no effective therapy. We hypothesised that K(Ca)3.1 K(+) channel-dependent cell processes contribute to IPF pathophysiology.K(Ca)3.1 expression in primary human lung myofibroblasts was examined using RT-PCR, western blot, immunofluorescence and patch-clamp electrophysiology. The role of K(Ca)3.1 channels in myofibroblast proliferation, wound healing, collagen secretion and contraction was examined using two specific and distinct K(Ca)3.1 blockers (TRAM-34 and ICA-17043 [Senicapoc]).Both healthy non fibrotic control and IPF-derived human lung myofibroblasts expressed K(Ca)3.1 channel mRNA and protein. K(Ca)3.1 ion currents were elicited more frequently and were larger in IPF-derived myofibroblasts compared to controls. K(Ca)3.1 currents were increased in myofibroblasts by TGFβ1 and basic FGF. K(Ca)3.1 was expressed strongly in IPF tissue. K(Ca)3.1 pharmacological blockade attenuated human myofibroblast proliferation, wound healing, collagen secretion and contractility in vitro, and this was associated with inhibition of TGFβ1-dependent increases in intracellular free Ca(2+).K(Ca)3.1 activity promotes pro-fibrotic human lung myofibroblast function. Blocking K(Ca)3.1 may offer a novel approach to treating IPF with the potential for rapid translation to the clinic.