Channelpedia

PubMed 24413781


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1



Title: [6]-Shogaol Induces Ca2+ Signals by Activating the TRPV1 Channels in the Rat Insulinoma INS-1E Cells.

Authors: Paola Rabellato, Md Shahidul Islam

Journal, date & volume: JOP, 2014 , 15, 33-7

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24413781


Abstract
[6]-shogaol is a vanilloid compound present in steamed ginger (Zingiber officinale), a commonly used spice. Pancreatic beta-cells respond to nutrients like glucose, amino acids and fatty acids, by an increase in the cytoplasmic free Ca²⁺ concentration ([Ca²⁺](i)), which mediates diverse cellular processes in these cells. Some vanilloid compounds activate the transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor type 1 (TRPV1) channel.We investigated whether [6]-shogaol could trigger Ca²⁺ signals in the beta-cell.[Ca²⁺](i) was measured from single INS-1E cells by microscope-based fluorometry using fura-2 as the Ca²⁺ indicator.In fura-2 loaded single rat insulinoma INS-1E cells, a widely used model of beta-cell, [6]-shogaol increased [Ca²⁺](i) in a concentration-dependent manner. [Ca²⁺](i) increase by [6]-shogaol was completely blocked when Ca²⁺ was omitted from the extracellular medium. Capsazepine, an inhibitor of the TRPV1 ion channel completely inhibited the [6]-shogaol-induced [Ca²⁺](i) increase. [Ca²⁺](i) increase obtained by 1 µM [6]-shogaol was greater than that obtained by 10 mM glucose. Moreover, a sub-stimulatory concentration of [6]-shogaol (300 nM), significantly enhanced the glucose-induced [Ca²⁺](i) increase in these cells.We conclude that [6]-shogaol induces Ca²⁺ signals in the beta-cell by activating the TRPV1 channels, and it sensitizes the beta-cells to stimulation by glucose.