Channelpedia

PubMed 22821214


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv7.1



Title: Left cardiac sympathetic denervation for the management of life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias in young patients with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia and long QT syndrome.

Authors: Heike E Schneider, Michael Steinmetz, Ulrich Krause, Thomas Kriebel, Wolfgang Ruschewski, Thomas Paul

Journal, date & volume: Clin Res Cardiol, 2013 Jan , 102, 33-42

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22821214


Abstract
Left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD) may be a therapeutic adjunct for young patients with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) and long QT syndrome (LQTS) who are not fully protected by beta-blockade.The objective of this analysis was to report our institutional experience with LSCD in young patients for the management of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias in CPVT and LQTS.Ten young patients with CPVT and LQTS underwent transaxillary LSCD at our institution. Mean age at surgery was 14.0 (range 3.9-42) years, mean body weight was 45.7 (range 15.5-90) kg. Five patients had the clinical diagnosis of CPVT, three were genotype positive for a mutation in the ryanodine-receptor-2-gene. Four of five LQTS patients were genotype positive. Indications for LCSD were recurrent syncope, symptomatic episodes of ventricular tachycardias and/or internal cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) discharges, and aborted cardiac arrest despite high doses of beta-blockers.LCSD was performed via the transaxillary approach. No significant complications were observed. Two patients already had an ICD, 6 patients received an ICD at the same operation or shortly thereafter. Median length of follow-up after LCSD was 2.3 (range 0.6-3.9) years. After LCSD a marked reduction in arrhythmia burden and cardiac events was observed in all patients while medication was continued. None of the patients had any further ICD discharge for sustained VT.After LCSD, arrhythmia burden could significantly be reduced in all our young patients with CPVT and LQTS.