PubMed 23065026

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM4

Title: Transient receptor potential melastatin 4 and cell death.

Authors: J Marc Simard, S Kyoon Woo, Volodymyr Gerzanich

Journal, date & volume: Pflugers Arch., 2012 Dec , 464, 573-82

PubMed link:

Cell death proceeds by way of a variety of "cell death subroutines," including several types of "apoptosis," "regulated necrosis," and others. "Accidental necrosis" due to profound adenosine triphosphate (ATP) depletion or oxidative stress is distinguished from regulated necrosis by the absence of death receptor signaling. However, both accidental and regulated necrosis have in common the process of "oncosis," a physiological process characterized by Na(+) influx and cell volume increase that, in necrotic cell death, is required to produce the characteristic features of membrane blebbing and membrane rupture. Here, we review emerging evidence that the monovalent cation channel, transient receptor potential melastatin 4 (TRPM4), is involved in the cell death process of oncosis. Potential involvement of TRPM4 in oncosis is suggested by the fact that the two principal regulators of TRPM4, intracellular ATP and Ca(2+), are both altered during necrosis in the direction that causes TRPM4 channel opening. Under physiological conditions, activation of TRPM4 promotes Na(+) influx and cell depolarization. Under pathological conditions, unchecked activation of TRPM4 leads to Na(+) overload, cell volume increase, blebbing and cell membrane rupture, the latter constituting the irreversible end stage of necrosis. Emerging data indicate that TRPM4 plays a crucial role as end executioner in the accidental necrotic death of ATP-depleted or redox-challenged endothelial and epithelial cells, both in vitro and in vivo. Future studies will be needed to determine whether TRPM4 also plays a role in regulated necrosis and apoptosis.