PubMed 23178689

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.5

Title: Remodeling of the cardiac sodium channel, connexin43, and plakoglobin at the intercalated disk in patients with arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy.

Authors: Maartje Noorman, Sara Hakim, Elise Kessler, Judith A Groeneweg, Moniek G P J Cox, Angeliki Asimaki, Harold V M van Rijen, Leonie van Stuijvenberg, Halina Chkourko, Marcel A G van der Heyden, Marc A Vos, Nicolaas de Jonge, Jasper J van der Smagt, Dennis Dooijes, Aryan Vink, Roel A de Weger, András Varró, Jacques M T de Bakker, Jeffrey E Saffitz, Thomas J Hund, Peter J Mohler, Mario Delmar, Richard N W Hauer, Toon A B van Veen

Journal, date & volume: Heart Rhythm, 2013 Mar , 10, 412-9

PubMed link:

Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (AC) is closely associated with desmosomal mutations in a majority of patients. Arrhythmogenesis in patients with AC is likely related to remodeling of cardiac gap junctions and increased levels of fibrosis. Recently, using experimental models, we also identified sodium channel dysfunction secondary to desmosomal dysfunction.To assess the immunoreactive signal levels of the sodium channel protein NaV1.5, as well as connexin43 (Cx43) and plakoglobin (PKG), in myocardial specimens obtained from patients with AC.Left and right ventricular free wall postmortem material was obtained from 5 patients with AC and 5 controls matched for age and sex. Right ventricular septal biopsies were taken from another 15 patients with AC. All patients fulfilled the 2010 revised Task Force Criteria for the diagnosis of AC. Immunohistochemical analyses were performed using antibodies against Cx43, PKG, NaV1.5, plakophilin-2, and N-cadherin.N-cadherin and desmoplakin immunoreactive signals and distribution were normal in patients with AC compared to controls. Plakophilin-2 signals were unaffected unless a plakophilin-2 mutation predicting haploinsufficiency was present. Distribution was unchanged compared to that in controls. Immunoreactive signal levels of PKG, Cx43, and NaV1.5 were disturbed in 74%, 70%, and 65% of the patients, respectively.A reduced immunoreactive signal of PKG, Cx43, and NaV1.5 at the intercalated disks can be observed in a large majority of the patients. Decreased levels of Nav1.5 might contribute to arrhythmia vulnerability and, in the future, potentially could serve as a new clinically relevant tool for risk assessment strategies.