PubMed 23198866

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1

Title: A high-throughput screening campaign for detection of ca(2+)-activated k(+) channel activators and inhibitors using a fluorometric imaging plate reader-based tl(+)-influx assay.

Authors: Susanne Jørgensen, Tino Dyhring, David T Brown, Dorte Strøbæk, Palle Christophersen, Joachim Demnitz

Journal, date & volume: Assay Drug Dev Technol, 2013 Apr , 11, 163-72

PubMed link:

The intermediate-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel (KCa3.1) has been proposed to play many physiological roles, and modulators of KCa3.1 activity are potentially interesting as new drugs. In order to identify new chemical scaffolds, high-throughput screening (HTS) assays are needed. In the current study, we present an HTS assay that has been optimized for the detection of inhibitors as well as activators of KCa3.1 in a combined assay. We used HEK293 cells heterologously expressing KCa3.1 in a fluorescence-based Tl(+) influx assay, where the permeability of potassium channels to Tl(+) is taken advantage of. We found the combined activator-and-inhibitor assay to be robust and insensitive to dimethyl sulfoxide (up to 1%), and conducted an HTS campaign of 217,119 small molecules. In total, 224 confirmed activators and 312 confirmed inhibitors were found, which corresponded to a hit rate of 0.10% and 0.14%, respectively. The confirmed hits were further characterized in a fluorometric imaging plate reader-based concentration-response assay, and selected compounds were subjected to secondary testing in an assay for endogenous KCa3.1 activity using human erythrocytes (red blood cell assay). Although the estimated potencies were slightly higher in the RBC assay, there was an overall good correlation across all clusters. The campaign led to the identification of several chemical series of KCa3.1 activators and inhibitors, comprising already known pharmacophores and new chemical series. One of these were the benzothiazinones that constitute a new class of highly potent KCa3.1 inhibitors, exemplified by 4-{[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methyl}-2H-1,4-benzothiazin-3(4H)-one (NS6180).