PubMed 23247112

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC1 , ClvC4 , Slo1

Title: Age-dependent chloride channel expression in skeletal muscle fibres of normal and HSA(LR) myotonic mice.

Authors: Marino DiFranco, Carl Yu, Marbella Quiñonez, Julio L Vergara

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2013 Mar 1 , 591, 1347-71

PubMed link:

Abstract  We combine electrophysiological and optical techniques to investigate the role that the expression of chloride channels (ClC-1) plays on the age-dependent electrical properties of mammalian muscle fibres. To this end, we comparatively evaluate the magnitude and voltage dependence of chloride currents (ICl), as well as the resting resistance, in fibres isolated from control and human skeletal actin (HSA)(LR) mice (a model of myotonic dystrophy) of various ages. In control mice, the maximal peak chloride current ([peak-ICl]max) increases from -583 ± 126 to -956 ± 260 μA cm(-2) (mean ± SD) between 3 and 6 weeks old. Instead, in 3-week-old HSA(LR) mice, ICl are significantly smaller (-153 ± 33 μA cm(-2)) than in control mice, but after a long period of ∼14 weeks they reach statistically comparable values. Thus, the severe ClC-1 channelopathy in young HSA(LR) animals is slowly reversed with aging. Frequency histograms of the maximal chloride conductance (gCl,max) in fibres of young HSA(LR) animals are narrow and centred in low values; alternatively, those from older animals show broad distributions, centred at larger gCl,max values, compatible with mosaic expressions of ClC-1 channels. In fibres of both animal strains, optical data confirm the age-dependent increase in gCl, and additionally suggest that ClC-1 channels are evenly distributed between the sarcolemma and transverse tubular system membranes. Although gCl is significantly depressed in fibres of young HSA(LR) mice, the resting membrane resistance (Rm) at -90 mV is only slightly larger than in control mice due to upregulation of a Rb-sensitive resting conductance (gK,IR). In adult animals, differences in Rm are negligible between fibres of both strains, and the contributions of gCl and gK,IR are less altered in HSA(LR) animals. We surmise that while hyperexcitability in young HSA(LR) mice can be readily explained on the basis of reduced gCl, myotonia in adult HSA(LR) animals may be explained on the basis of a mosaic expression of ClC-1 channels in different fibres and/or on alterations of other conductances.