PubMed 23385000

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC6

Title: Vitamin D down-regulates TRPC6 expression in podocyte injury and proteinuric glomerular disease.

Authors: Ramon Sonneveld, Silvia Ferrè, Joost G J Hoenderop, Henry B Dijkman, Jo H M Berden, René J M Bindels, Jack F M Wetzels, Johan van der Vlag, Tom Nijenhuis

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Pathol., 2013 Apr , 182, 1196-204

PubMed link:

The transient receptor potential cation channel C6 (TRPC6) is a slit diaphragm protein expressed by podocytes. TRPC6 gain-of-function mutations cause autosomal dominant focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. In acquired proteinuric renal disease, glomerular TRPC6 expression is increased. We previously demonstrated that acquired increased TRPC6 expression is ameliorated by antiproteinuric angiotensin receptor blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. Vitamin D also has an antiproteinuric effect. We hypothesized that vitamin D reduces proteinuria by affecting TRPC6 expression in podocytes. Adriamycin-induced nephropathy increased TRPC6 mRNA and protein expression and induced proteinuria in rats. Treatment with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-D3) normalized TRPC6 expression and reduced proteinuria. In vitro, podocyte injury induced by adriamycin exposure in cultured podocytes increased TRPC6 expression. Treatment of injured podocytes with 1,25-D3 dose dependently reduced adriamycin-induced TRPC6 expression. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis demonstrated that the vitamin D receptor directly binds to the TRPC6 promoter. Moreover, 1,25-D3 reduced TRPC6 promoter activity in a luciferase reporter assay. In 1,25-D3-deficient 25-hydroxy-1α-hydroxylase knockout mice, TRPC6 expression was increased, accompanied by podocyte foot process effacement and proteinuria. 1,25-D3 supplementation normalized TRPC6 expression, podocyte morphology, and proteinuria in these mice. These results demonstrate that vitamin D down-regulates the enhanced TRPC6 expression in in vivo and in vitro podocyte injury, possibly through a direct effect on TRPC6 promoter activity. This TRPC6 down-regulation could contribute to the antiproteinuric effect of vitamin D.