PubMed 23469197

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Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1

Title: Nicotinic receptor alpha7 expression identifies a novel hematopoietic progenitor lineage.

Authors: Lorise C Gahring, Elena Y Enioutina, Elizabeth J Myers, Gerald J Spangrude, Olga V Efimova, Todd W Kelley, Petr Tvrdik, Mario R Capecchi, Scott W Rogers

Journal, date & volume: PLoS ONE, 2013 , 8, e57481

PubMed link:

How inflammatory responses are mechanistically modulated by nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR), especially by receptors composed of alpha7 (α7) subunits, is poorly defined. This includes a precise definition of cells that express α7 and how these impact on innate inflammatory responses. To this aim we used mice generated through homologous recombination that express an Ires-Cre-recombinase bi-cistronic extension of the endogenous α7 gene that when crossed with a reporter mouse expressing Rosa26-LoxP (yellow fluorescent protein (YFP)) marks in the offspring those cells of the α7 cell lineage (α7(lin+)). In the adult, on average 20-25 percent of the total CD45(+) myeloid and lymphoid cells of the bone marrow (BM), blood, spleen, lymph nodes, and Peyers patches are α7(lin+), although variability between litter mates in this value is observed. This hematopoietic α7(lin+) subpopulation is also found in Sca1(+)cKit(+) BM cells suggesting the α7 lineage is established early during hematopoiesis and the ratio remains stable in the individual thereafter as measured for at least 18 months. Both α7(lin+) and α7(lin-) BM cells can reconstitute the immune system of naïve irradiated recipient mice and the α7(lin+):α7(lin-) beginning ratio is stable in the recipient after reconstitution. Functionally the α7(lin+):α7(lin-) lineages differ in response to LPS challenge. Most notable is the response to LPS as demonstrated by an enhanced production of IL-12/23(p40) by the α7(lin+) cells. These studies demonstrate that α7(lin+) identifies a novel subpopulation of bone marrow cells that include hematopoietic progenitor cells that can re-populate an animal's inflammatory/immune system. These findings suggest that α7 exhibits a pleiotropic role in the hematopoietic system that includes both the direct modulation of pro-inflammatory cell composition and later in the adult the role of modulating pro-inflammatory responses that would impact upon an individual's lifelong response to inflammation and infection.