PubMed 23548383

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClCa1 , ClCa3 , ClvC4

Title: Safety and immunogenicity of a DNA vaccine encoding human calcium-activated chloride channel 1 (hCLCA1) in asthmatic mice.

Authors: L Q Song, Y Li, W N Li, W Zhang, H W Qi, C G Wu

Journal, date & volume: Int. Arch. Allergy Immunol., 2013 , 161, 243-51

PubMed link:

Calcium-activated chloride channels (CLCAs) have been found to be preferentially expressed on the secretory epithelium. They may play a pivotal role in mucous overproduction by bronchial goblet cells in asthma. It has been reported that the inhibition of CLCAs with niflumic acid could relieve the symptoms of asthma. However, niflumic acid has serious adverse effects. DNA vaccination is considered to be a promising strategy to treat allergic diseases such as asthma and dust mite allergy.We constructed a vaccine encoding human CLCA1 (hCLCA1) and evaluated its effects on promoting antibodies against hCLCA1 and the related preventive function in a mouse model of asthma.Our results reveal that the induced hCLCA1 antibodies can be detected in the first 2 weeks after immunization with hCLCA1 plasmids (hCLCA1-p) by intramuscular injection and augmented gradually in the following several weeks. The autoantibodies against hCLCA1 induced by the DNA vaccine bound to three segments of the mouse CLCA3 (mCLCA3) protein, including the amino terminal (PepN), the carboxyl terminal (PepC) and the middle of the protein (PepM). In our study, mice immunized with hCLCA1-p developed fewer pathological changes compared with other control groups, including a remarkable reduction in the air pressure-time index of the trachea, the number of eosinophils and mast cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and the mRNA level of MUC5AC in goblet cells.Taken together, our results suggest that a DNA vaccine encoding the CLCA protein may have potential as a useful pharmacotherapy for asthma in the future.