PubMed 23942199

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM6

Title: New TRPM6 missense mutations linked to hypomagnesemia with secondary hypocalcemia.

Authors: Sergio Lainez, Karl Peter Schlingmann, Jenny van der Wijst, Bernd Dworniczak, Femke van Zeeland, Martin Konrad, René J Bindels, Joost G Hoenderop

Journal, date & volume: Eur. J. Hum. Genet., 2013 Aug 14 , ,

PubMed link:

Despite recent progress in our understanding of renal magnesium (Mg(2+)) handling, the molecular mechanisms accounting for transepithelial Mg(2+) transport are still poorly understood. Mutations in the TRPM6 gene, encoding the epithelial Mg(2+) channel TRPM6 (transient receptor potential melastatin 6), have been proven to be the molecular cause of hypomagnesemia with secondary hypocalcemia (HSH; OMIM 602014). HSH manifests in the newborn period being characterized by very low serum Mg(2+) levels (<0.4 mmol/l) accompanied by low serum calcium (Ca(2+)) concentrations. A proportion of previously described TRPM6 mutations lead to a truncated TRPM6 protein resulting in a complete loss-of-function of the ion channel. In addition, five-point mutations have been previously described. The aim of this study was to complement the current clinical picture by adding the molecular data from five new missense mutations found in five patients with HSH. To this end, patch-clamp analysis and cell surface measurements were performed to assess the effect of the various mutations on TRPM6 channel function. All mutant channels, expressed in HEK293 cells, showed loss-of-function, whereas no severe trafficking impairment to the plasma membrane surface was observed. We conclude that the new TRPM6 missense mutations lead to dysregulated intestinal/renal Mg(2+) (re)absorption as a consequence of loss of TRPM6 channel function.