Channelpedia

PubMed 23943870


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM8



Title: Complex modulation of the cold receptor TRPM8 by volatile anaesthetics and its role in complications of general anaesthesia.

Authors: Fabien Vanden Abeele, Artem Kondratskyi, Charlotte Dubois, George Shapovalov, Dimitra Gkika, Jérome Busserolles, Yaroslav Shuba, Roman Skryma, Natalia Prevarskaya

Journal, date & volume: J. Cell. Sci., 2013 Oct 1 , 126, 4479-4489

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23943870


Abstract
The mechanisms by which volatile general anaesthetics (VAs) produce a depression of central nervous system are beginning to be better understood, but little is known about a number of side effects. Here, we show that the cold receptor transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) undergoes a complex modulation by clinical concentrations of VAs in dorsal root ganglion neurons and HEK-293 cells heterologously expressing TRPM8. VAs produced a transient enhancement of TRPM8 through a depolarizing shift of its activation towards physiological membrane potentials, followed by a sustained TRPM8 inhibition. The stimulatory action of VAs engaged molecular determinants distinct from those used by the TRPM8 agonist. Transient TRPM8 activation by VAs could explain side effects such as inhibition of respiratory drive, shivering and the cooling sensation during the beginning of anaesthesia, whereas the second phase of VA action, that associated with sustained TRPM8 inhibition, might be responsible for hypothermia. Consistent with this, both hypothermia and the inhibition of respiratory drive induced by VAs are partially abolished in Trpm8-knockout animals. Thus, we propose TRPM8 as a new clinical target for diminishing common and serious complications of general anaesthesia.