PubMed 23986482

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC4 , Nav1 , Nav1.7

Title: Functional expression of the voltage-gated sodium channel, Nav1.7, underlies epidermal growth factor-mediated invasion in human [R1.S1] non-small cell lung cancer cells.

Authors: Thomas M Campbell, Martin J Main, Elizabeth M Fitzgerald

Journal, date & volume: J. Cell. Sci., 2013 Aug 28 , ,

PubMed link:

Various ion channels are expressed in human cancers where they are intimately involved in proliferation, angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis. Expression of functional voltage-gated Na(+) channels (Nav) is implicated in the metastatic potential of breast, prostate, lung and colon cancer cells. However, the cellular mechanisms that regulate Nav expression in cancer remain largely unknown. Growth factors are attractive candidates; they not only play crucial roles in cancer progression but are also key regulators of ion channel expression and activity in non-cancerous cells. Here, we examine the role of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signalling and Nav in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cell lines. We show unequivocally, that functional expression of the α subunit Nav1.7 promotes invasion in H460 NSCLC cells. Inhibition of Nav1.7 activity (using tetrodotoxin) or expression (by using small interfering RNA), reduces H460 cell invasion by up to 50%. Crucially, non-invasive wild type A549 cells lack functional Nav, whereas exogenous overexpression of the Nav1.7 α subunit is sufficient to promote TTX-sensitive invasion of these cells. EGF/EGFR signalling enhances proliferation, migration and invasion of H460 cells but we find that, specifically, EGFR-mediated upregulation of Nav1.7 is necessary for invasive behaviour in these cells. Examination of Nav1.7 expression at mRNA, protein and functional levels further reveals that EGF/EGFR signalling via the ERK1/2 pathway controls transcriptional regulation of channel expression to promote cellular invasion. Immunohistochemistry of patient biopsies confirms the clinical relevance of Nav1.7 expression in NSCLC. Thus, Nav1.7 has significant potential as a new target for therapeutic intervention and/or as a diagnostic or prognostic marker in NSCLC.