PubMed 24000923

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv2.1

Title: Familial Alzheimer's Disease Osaka Mutant (ΔE22) β-Barrels Suggest an Explanation for the Different Aβ1-40/42 Preferred Conformational States Observed by Experiment.

Authors: Hyunbum Jang, Fernando Teran Arce, Srinivasan Ramachandran, Bruce L Kagan, Ratnesh Lal, Ruth Nussinov

Journal, date & volume: J Phys Chem B, 2013 Sep 13 , ,

PubMed link:

An unusual ΔE693 mutation in the amyloid precursor protein (APP) producing a β-amyloid (Aβ) peptide lacking glutamic acid at position 22 (Glu22) was recently discovered, and dabbed the Osaka mutant (ΔE22). Previously, several point mutations in the Aβ peptide involving Glu22 substitutions were identified and implicated in the early onset of familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD). Despite the absence of Glu22, the Osaka mutant is also associated with FAD, showing a recessive inheritance in families affected by the disease. To see whether this aggregation-prone Aβ mutant could directly relate to the Aβ ion channel-mediated mechanism as observed for the wild type (WT) Aβ peptide in AD pathology, we modeled Osaka mutant β-barrels in a lipid bilayer. Using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, two conformer ΔE22 barrels with the U-shaped monomer conformation derived from NMR-based WT Aβ fibrils were simulated in explicit lipid environment. Here, we show that the ΔE22 barrels obtain the lipid-relaxed β-sheet channel topology, indistinguishable from the WT Aβ1-42 barrels, as do the outer and pore dimensions of octadecameric (18-mer) ΔE22 barrels. Although the ΔE22 barrels lose the cationic binding site in the pore which is normally provided by the negatively charged Glu22 side chains, the mutant pores gain a new cationic binding site by Glu11 at the lower bilayer leaflet, and exhibit ion fluctuations similar to the WT barrels. Of particular interest, this deletion mutant suggests that toxic WT Aβ1-42 would preferentially adopt a less C-terminal turn similar to that observed for Aβ17-42, and explains why the solid state NMR data for Aβ1-40 point to a more C-terminal turn conformation. The observed ΔE22 barrels conformational preferences also suggest an explanation for the lower neurotoxicity in rat primary neurons as compared to WT Aβ1-42.