Channelpedia

PubMed 24015048


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv11.1 , Kv7.1



Title: Single Nucleotide Deletion Mutation of KCNH2 Gene is Responsible for LQT Syndrome in a 3-Generation Korean Family.

Authors: Jong Keun Park, Yong-Seog Oh, Jee-Hyun Choi, Sungjoo Kim Yoon

Journal, date & volume: J. Korean Med. Sci., 2013 Sep , 28, 1388-93

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24015048


Abstract
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is characterized by the prolongation of the QT interval in ECG and manifests predisposition to life threatening arrhythmia which often leads to sudden cardiac death. We encountered a 3-generation family with 5 affected family members in which LQTS was inherited in autosomal dominant manner. The LQTS is considered an ion channel disorder in which the type and location of the genetic mutation determines to a large extent the expression of the clinical syndrome. Upon screening of the genomic sequences of cardiac potassium ion channel genes, we found a single nucleotide C deletion mutation in the exon 3 of KCNH2 gene that co-segregates with the LQTS in this family. This mutation presumably resulted in a frameshift mutation, P151fs+15X. This study added a new genetic cause to the pool of mutations that lead to defected potassium ion channels in the heart.