PubMed 24019518

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.1

Title: Identification of novel cholesterol-binding regions in Kir2 channels.

Authors: Avia Rosenhouse-Dantsker, Sergei Noskov, Serdar Durdagi, Diomedes E Logothetis, Irena Levitan

Journal, date & volume: J. Biol. Chem., 2013 Sep 9 , ,

PubMed link:

Inwardly rectifying potassium (Kir) channels play an important role in setting the resting membrane potential and modulating membrane excitability. We have recently shown that cholesterol regulates representative members of the Kir family and that in the majority of the cases, cholesterol suppresses channel function. Furthermore, recent data indicate that cholesterol regulates Kir channels by specific sterol-protein interactions, yet the location of the cholesterol binding site in Kir channels is unknown. Using a combined computational-experimental approach, we show that cholesterol may bind to two nonanular hydrophobic regions in the transmembrane domain of Kir2.1 located between adjacent subunits of the channel. The location of the binding regions suggests that cholesterol modulates channel function by affecting the hinging motion at the center of the pore-lining transmembrane helix that underlies channel gating either directly or through the interface between the N and C termini of the channel.