PubMed 24101510

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2

Title: βIV-Spectrin and CaMKII facilitate Kir6.2 regulation in pancreatic beta cells.

Authors: Crystal F Kline, Patrick J Wright, Olha M Koval, Erik J Zmuda, Benjamin L Johnson, Mark E Anderson, Tsonwin Hai, Thomas J Hund, Peter J Mohler

Journal, date & volume: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2013 Oct 7 , ,

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Identified over a dozen years ago in the brain and pancreatic islet, βIV-spectrin is critical for the local organization of protein complexes throughout the nervous system. βIV-Spectrin targets ion channels and adapter proteins to axon initial segments and nodes of Ranvier in neurons, and βIV-spectrin dysfunction underlies ataxia and early death in mice. Despite advances in βIV-spectrin research in the nervous system, its role in pancreatic islet biology is unknown. Here, we report that βIV-spectrin serves as a multifunctional structural and signaling platform in the pancreatic islet. We report that βIV-spectrin directly associates with and targets the calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) in pancreatic islets. In parallel, βIV-spectrin targets ankyrin-B and the ATP-sensitive potassium channel. Consistent with these findings, βIV-spectrin mutant mice lacking CaMKII- or ankyrin-binding motifs display selective loss of expression and targeting of key protein components, including CaMKIIδ. βIV-Spectrin-targeted CaMKII directly phosphorylates the inwardly-rectifying potassium channel, Kir6.2 (alpha subunit of KATP channel complex), and we identify the specific residue, Kir6.2 T224, responsible for CaMKII-dependent regulation of KATP channel function. CaMKII-dependent phosphorylation alters channel regulation resulting in KATP channel inhibition, a cellular phenotype consistent with aberrant insulin regulation. Finally, we demonstrate aberrant KATP channel phosphorylation in βIV-spectrin mutant mice. In summary, our findings establish a broader role for βIV-spectrin in regulation of cell membrane excitability in the pancreatic islet, define the pathway for CaMKII local control in pancreatic beta cells, and identify the mechanism for CaMKII-dependent regulation of KATP channels.