PubMed 24102184

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.5 , Kv11.1 , Nav1 , Nav1.5

Title: Characterization of a novel multi-functional resveratrol derivative for the treatment of atrial fibrillation.

Authors: István Baczkó, David Liknes, Wei Yang, Kevin C Hamming, Gavin Searle, Kristian Jaeger, Zoltán Husti, Viktor Juhasz, Gergely Klausz, Robert Pap, Laszlo Saghy, András Varró, Vernon Dolinsky, Shaohua Wang, Vivek Rauniyar, Dennis Hall, Jason R Dyck, Peter E Light

Journal, date & volume: Br. J. Pharmacol., 2013 Sep 18 , ,

PubMed link:

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with an increased risk for stroke, heart failure and cardiovascular-related mortality. Candidate targets for anti-AF drugs include a potassium channel K(v)1.5, and the ionic currents I(KACh) and late I(Na), along with increased oxidative stress and activation of NFAT-mediated gene transcription. As pharmacological management of AF is currently suboptimal, we have designed and characterized a multifunctional small molecule, compound 1 (C1), to target these ion channels and pathways.We made whole-cell patch-clamp recordings of recombinant ion channels, human atrial I(Kur), rat atrial I(KACh), cellular recordings of contractility and calcium transient measurements in tsA201 cells, human atrial samples and rat myocytes. We also used a model of inducible AF in dogs.C1 inhibited human peak and late K(v)1.5 currents, frequency-dependently, with IC₅₀ of 0.36 and 0.11 μmol·L(-1) respectively. C1 inhibited I(KACh)(IC₅₀ of 1.9 μmol·L(-1)) and the Na(v)1.5 sodium channel current (IC₅₀s of 3 and 1 μmol·L(-1) for peak and late components respectively). C1 (1 μmol·L(-1)) significantly delayed contractile and calcium dysfunction in rat ventricular myocytes treated with 3 nmol·L(-1) sea anemone toxin (ATX-II). C1 weakly inhibited the hERG channel and maintained antioxidant and NFAT-inhibitory properties comparable to the parent molecule, resveratrol. In a model of inducible AF in conscious dogs, C1 (1 mg·kg(-1)) reduced the average and total AF duration.C1 behaved as a promising multifunctional small molecule targeting a number of key pathways involved in AF.