Channelpedia

PubMed 22172804


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1



Title: Regulation of mitochondrial function by voltage dependent anion channels in ethanol metabolism and the Warburg effect.

Authors: John J Lemasters, Ekhson L Holmuhamedov, Christoph Czerny, Zhi Zhong, Eduardo N Maldonado

Journal, date & volume: Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 2012 Jun , 1818, 1536-44

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22172804


Abstract
Voltage dependent anion channels (VDAC) are highly conserved proteins that are responsible for permeability of the mitochondrial outer membrane to hydrophilic metabolites like ATP, ADP and respiratory substrates. Although previously assumed to remain open, VDAC closure is emerging as an important mechanism for regulation of global mitochondrial metabolism in apoptotic cells and also in cells that are not dying. During hepatic ethanol oxidation to acetaldehyde, VDAC closure suppresses exchange of mitochondrial metabolites, resulting in inhibition of ureagenesis. In vivo, VDAC closure after ethanol occurs coordinately with mitochondrial uncoupling. Since acetaldehyde passes through membranes independently of channels and transporters, VDAC closure and uncoupling together foster selective and more rapid oxidative metabolism of toxic acetaldehyde to nontoxic acetate by mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase. In single reconstituted VDAC, tubulin decreases VDAC conductance, and in HepG2 hepatoma cells, free tubulin negatively modulates mitochondrial membrane potential, an effect enhanced by protein kinase A. Tubulin-dependent closure of VDAC in cancer cells contributes to suppression of mitochondrial metabolism and may underlie the Warburg phenomenon of aerobic glycolysis. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: VDAC structure, function, and regulation of mitochondrial metabolism.