PubMed 22794211

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.8 , TRP , TRPA , TRPA1

Title: Expression of transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 in human dental pulp.

Authors: Yun Sook Kim, Hoon Kap Jung, Tae Kyung Kwon, Chin Soo Kim, Jin Hyun Cho, Dong Kuk Ahn, Yong Chul Bae

Journal, date & volume: J Endod, 2012 Aug , 38, 1087-92

PubMed link:

Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is activated by noxious cold (<17°C) and contributes to cold and mechanical hypersensitivity after inflammation and nerve injury.To investigate whether TRPA1 is involved in the mediation of nociception, including noxious cold and cold hypersensitivity in teeth, we examined the expression of TRPA1 and sodium channel Nav1.8 in human dental pulp using fluorescent and electron microscopic immunocytochemistry.TRPA1 was expressed in a large number of axons branching extensively in the peripheral pulp and in a few axons within the nerve bundles in the core of the coronal pulp and in the radicular pulp. Under electron microscopy, TRPA1 immunoreactivity was typically localized near the plasma membrane of unmyelinated axons in the peripheral pulp, suggesting that in these axons it may act as a functional receptor. The proportion of axons expressing TRPA1 in neurofilament 200-positive axons significantly increased in the painful pulp compared with the normal pulp. TRPA1 was also densely expressed in the processes and the cell body of odontoblasts. A large number of axons coexpressed TRPA1 and Nav1.8.These findings support the notion that TRPA1 is involved in the perception of noxious cold and cold hypersensitivity in human dental pulp and that TRPA1-mediated nociception is primarily mediated by axons and odontoblasts in the peripheral pulp.