Channelpedia

PubMed 22847174


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC3 , ClvC4



Title: Accumulation of autofluorescent storage material in brain is accelerated by ischemia in chloride channel 3 gene-deficient mice.

Authors: Hirokazu Ohtaki, Kenji Ohara, Dandan Song, Kazuyuki Miyamoto, Tomomi Tsumuraya, Sachiko Yofu, Kenji Dohi, Shigeru Tanabe, Sei Sasaki, Shinichi Uchida, Masaji Matsunaga, Seiji Shioda

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci. Res., 2012 Nov , 90, 2163-72

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22847174


Abstract
Autofluorescent storage material (ASM) is an aging pigment that accumulates during the normal course of senescence. Although the role of ASM has yet to be fully elucidated, ASM has been implicated in age-related neurodegeneration. In this study, we determined the level of ASM in chloride channel 3 (ClC-3) gene-deficient (KO) mice both in response to aging and following mild global ischemia. To understand the mechanism of action of the ASM, mice subjected to ischemia were treated with the cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor indomethacin or with the noncompetitive glutamate receptor antagonist MK-801. ClC-3 KO mice displayed age-related neurodegeneration of the neocortex as well as the hippocampus. The cortical layers in particular granular layers became thinner with aging. ASM accumulated in the brains of ClC-3 KO mice was increased seven- to 50-fold over that observed in the corresponding regions of their wild-type littermates. Young wild-type mice survived longer than age-matched ClC-3 KO mice after permanent global ischemia. However, in the case of older animals, the survival curves were similar. The ASM also increased four- to fivefold 10 days after mild global ischemia, an effect that was suppressed by treatment with indomethacin and MK-801. These results suggest that temporary ischemia might trigger a process similar to aging in the brain, mimicking the effect of age-related neurodegenerative diseases.