PubMed 22882672

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kir2.3 , Kv11.1 , Kv7.1 , Nav1.5

Title: The prevalence of mutations in KCNQ1, KCNH2, and SCN5A in an unselected national cohort of young sudden unexplained death cases.

Authors: Bo Gregers Winkel, Maiken Kudahl Larsen, Knut Erik Berge, Trond Paul Leren, Peter Henrik Nissen, Morten Salling Olesen, Mads Vilhelm Hollegaard, Thomas Jespersen, Lei Yuan, Nikolaj Nielsen, Stig Haunsø, Jesper Hastrup Svendsen, Yinman Wang, Ingrid Bayer Kristensen, Henrik Kjaerulf Jensen, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen, Jytte Banner

Journal, date & volume: J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol., 2012 Oct , 23, 1092-8

PubMed link:

Sudden unexplained death account for one-third of all sudden natural deaths in the young (1-35 years). Hitherto, the prevalence of genopositive cases has primarily been based on deceased persons referred for postmortem genetic testing. These deaths potentially may represent the worst of cases, thus possibly overestimating the prevalence of potentially disease causing mutations in the 3 major long-QT syndrome (LQTS) genes in the general population. We therefore wanted to investigate the prevalence of mutations in an unselected population of sudden unexplained deaths in a nationwide setting.DNA for genetic testing was available for 44 cases of sudden unexplained death in Denmark in the period 2000-2006 (equaling 33% of all cases of sudden unexplained death in the age group). KCNQ1, KCNH2, and SCN5A were sequenced and in vitro electrophysiological studies were performed on novel mutations.In total, 5 of 44 cases (11%) carried a mutation in 1 of the 3 genes corresponding to 11% of all investigated cases (R190W KCNQ1, F29L KCNH2 (2 cases), P297S KCNH2 and P1177L SCN5A). P1177L SCN5A has not been reported before. In vitro electrophysiological studies of P1177L SCN5A revealed an increased sustained current suggesting a LQTS phenotype.In a nationwide setting, the genetic investigation of an unselected population of sudden unexplained death cases aged 1-35 years finds a lower than expected number of mutations compared to referred populations previously reported. We therefore conclude that the prevalence of mutations in the 3 major LQTS associated genes may not be as abundant as previously estimated.