Channelpedia

PubMed 22928478


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.3



Title: Expression of voltage-gated sodium channel Nav1.3 is associated with severity of traumatic brain injury in adult rats.

Authors: Xian-jian Huang, Qing Mao, Yong Lin, Jun-feng Feng, Ji-Yao Jiang

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurotrauma, 2013 Jan 1 , 30, 39-46

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22928478


Abstract
During the secondary injury period after traumatic brain injury (TBI), depolarization of neurons mediated by voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) leads to cellular abnormalities and neurological dysfunction. Alterations in expression of different α subunits of VGSCs can affect early brain pathology following TBI. This study detected the expression of Nav1.3 mRNA and protein in the rat cortex post-TBI. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to sham-TBI, mild-TBI (mTBI), or severe-TBI (sTBI) groups. TBI was induced using a fluid percussion device at magnitudes of 1.5-1.6 atm (mTBI) and 2.9-3.0 atm (sTBI). Nav1.3 mRNA and protein levels in the ipsilateral-injured cortex were examined at 2 h, 12 h, 24 h, and 72 h post-TBI by real-time reverse transcriptase quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. Brains were collected at 24 h, 72 h, and 7 days post-TBI for TUNEL staining and cell count analysis. Immunofluorescence was performed to localize expression of Nav1.3 protein in the ipsilateral-injured cortex. Expression of Nav1.3 mRNA and protein were significantly upregulated in mTBI and sTBI groups when compared with the sham-TBI group at 2 h and 12 h post-TBI. Nav1.3 mRNA and protein levels in the sTBI group were much higher than in the mTBI group at 12 h post-TBI. TUNEL-positive cell numbers were significantly higher in the sTBI group than in the mTBI at 24 h, 72 h, and 7 days post-TBI. Expression of Nav1.3 was observed predominantly in neurons of the cortex. These findings indicated significant upregulation in the expression of Nav1.3 mRNA and protein in the rat ipsilateral-injured cortex at the very early stage post-TBI, and were also correlated with TBI severity.